Discover History, Art, Writings - Primary Sources from Biblical Times to the 21st Century Discover History, Art, Writings - Primary Sources from Biblical Times to the 21st Century
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Shepherd with Lamb (1997) by Naftali Bezem (b. 1924)
German-born painter, muralist, and sculptor Naftali Bezem was sent to Palestine on Youth Aliyah by his family in 1939. He studied art at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design and at the Centre d’Arts Sacré in Paris. He is best known for two of his commissioned works, the metal relief at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem and the ceiling painting in the president’s residence in Jerusalem. Image courtesy of Pucker Gallery, Boston
http://www.puckergallery.com.
Photo by Andy Abrahamson.

What is The Posen Library?

The Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization is a vibrant, growing collection curated by leading Jewish Studies scholars which offers unprecedented direct access to excerpts from thousands of primary sources reflecting Jewish creativity, diversity, and culture world-wide, and will span biblical times to the 21st century when complete.

Online now: selections from 1750–1880 (Vol 6) and 1973–2005 (Vol 10)
Online by May: selections from 1918–1939 (Vol 8)
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Many of these selections from original sources are works translated into English for the first time.

The sacred and secular are side by side here, for readers, researchers, educators, scholars, students, anyone interested in discovering Jewish history, biography, fiction, religious and political writing, art, cultural artifacts . . .

THE POSEN LIBRARY IS AVAILABLE IN TWO FORMATS:

In print: Ten beautifully illustrated volumes being published by Yale University Press
Online: The Posen Digital Library (PDL), an interactive database, available for free upon registration.

Register on the PDL for free now!

Go to The Posen Library Home Page for more information or to log in

Return to discover more Jewish creativity and history!

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Nine Out of Four Hundred (The West and the Rest) (1997)
by Meir Gal (b. 1958)

Israeli-born Meir Gal tackles political and social issues in his art. Among his best-known works are those that protest discrimination against Israel’s Mizrahim. In 1997, he received the Tel Aviv Museum of Art Award. Gal is a lecturer at the City University of New York and at the School of Visual Arts, where he has developed and taught courses on art and activism. Image courtesy of the artist.

JUST PUBLISHED IN APRIL 2020!
The Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization,
Volume 8: Crisis and Creativity between World Wars, 1918–1939

Service in the Great Synagogue to Mark the Tercentenary of the Ashkenazi Community on 14 November 1935
by Martin Monnickendam (1874–1943)

The artist Martin Monnickendam was born in Amsterdam, where he was educated and lived his entire life. He was prolific, with more than four thousand known works, and a master of many genres, including oil, watercolor, pastel, drawing, etching, and poster. He also produced illustrations for newspapers and magazines. He is best known for his theater paintings, which focus on the patrons in their seats rather than the actors on the stage. He died a natural death in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam. Image courtesy of Collection Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam.
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Edited by Todd M. Endelman, Professor Emeritus of History and Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan, and Zvi Gitelman, Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Preston R. Tisch Professor Emeritus of Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan

“Rapid, dramatic change characterized the short twenty-year interval between the two world wars (1918–1939),” write editors Endelman and Gitelman. “Although hardship and insecurity were the norm in much of East Central Europe, elsewhere in the Jewish world—Western Europe, the United States, the Soviet Union, and the Land of Israel—remarkable material and cultural changes were under way.” The Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization, Volume 8: Crisis and Creativity between World Wars, 1918–1939 is beautifully illustrated and explores these changes across:

  • - LITERATURE (memoir, fiction, drama, and poetry)
  • - VISUAL AND MATERIAL CULTURE (ritual objects, painting, sculpture, photography, and architecture)
  • - INTELLECTUAL CULTURE (social, political, cultural thought; reportage; and scholarship)
  • - SPIRITUAL AND RELIGIOUS CULTURE (commentary and ritual)

Press Release and Contact: Download Here

Image of The Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization, Volume 6: Confronting Modernity, 1750-1880

Buy Volume 8 now to gift or collect!

Buy Volume 8 now to gift or collect!

Mark special occasions with this celebration of global Jewish creativity

Register on the PDL for free now!

The PDL is a free, living digital library that is updated as each new volume of The Posen Library is completed.

Return to discover more Jewish creativity and history!

Image Credits

1. Shepherd with Lamb (1997) by Naftali Bezem (b. 1924)
German-born painter, muralist, and sculptor Naftali Bezem was sent to Palestine on Youth Aliyah by his family in 1939. He studied art at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design and at the Centre d’Arts Sacré in Paris. He is best known for two of his commissioned works, the metal relief at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem and the ceiling painting in the president’s residence in Jerusalem.
Image courtesy of Pucker Gallery, Boston, http://www.puckergallery.com. Photo by Andy Abrahamson.

2. Nine Out of Four Hundred (The West and the Rest) (1997) by Meir Gal (b. 1958)
Israeli-born Meir Gal tackles political and social issues in his art. Among his best-known works are those that protest discrimination against Israel’s Mizrahim. In 1997, he received the Tel Aviv Museum of Art Award. Gal is a lecturer at the City University of New York and at the School of Visual Arts, where he has developed and taught courses on art and activism.
Image courtesy of the artist.

3. Service in the Great Synagogue to Mark the Tercentenary of the Ashkenazi Community on 14 November 1935 ( by Martin Monnickendam (1874–1943)
The artist Martin Monnickendam was born in Amsterdam, where he was educated and lived his entire life. He was prolific, with more than four thousand known works, and a master of many genres, including oil, watercolor, pastel, drawing, etching, and poster. He also produced illustrations for newspapers and magazines. He is best known for his theater paintings, which focus on the patrons in their seats rather than the actors on the stage. He died a natural death in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam.
Image courtesy of Collection Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam

4. The Autumn of Central Paris (after Walter Benjamin) (1972-73) by R. B. Kitaj (1932-2007)
American-born R. B. Kitaj spent the most influential years of his painting career in England, where he settled in 1958. He was a member of a group of artists at the Royal College of Art in London that promoted pop art. Kitaj was controversial for his outspokenness in favor of figurative art. Among his most important exhibitions was a Tate Gallery retrospective (in 1994). He was elected to the Royal Academy in 1991, the first American to win this honor in almost a century. In 1995, he received the Golden Lion at the Venice Biennale.
Image © R. B. Kitaj Estate. Collection Mrs. Susan Lloyd, New York.